Main Article Content


This study investigated the correlation between Green Human Resource Management (GHRM), Organizational Citizenship Behavior towards the Environment (OCBE), and Business Sustainability among selected construction companies in Cebu City. The study utilized a descriptive-correlational-comparative approach with the participation of 102 heads and staff of selected construction companies in Cebu City. The selected statistical treatments showed a positive relationship among the three indicators, meaning they can significantly influence organizational performance and shape the organizational culture. Also, the study's findings revealed that behavior towards green practices is contingent upon the organization's commitment to the goals of GHRM and OCBE, which can affect business sustainability. With that in mind, the researchers have concluded that green human resource management practices have become a part of the organization's mindset. Both management and employees value GHRM indicators, reflected in their behavior towards the environment and business sustainability practices. Furthermore, the study recommends that the construction companies that participated in the research should adopt the sustainability framework created by the researchers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Flores, J., Cabatingan, A. Y., & Delantar, A. F. A. (2024). Green Human Resource Management, Organizational Citizenship Behavior Towards the Environment, And Business Sustainability among Selected Construction Companies in Cebu City, Philippines. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 5(1), 311-329.


Amrutha, V., & Geetha, S. (2020). A systematic review on green human resource man-agement: Implications for social sustain-ability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 247, 119131.
Anwar, N., Nik Mahmood, N. H., Yusliza, M. Y., Ramayah, T., Noor Faezah, J., & Khalid, W. (2020). Green Human Resource Man-agement for organizational citizenship behaviour towards the environment and environmental performance on a univer-sity campus. Journal of Cleaner Produc-tion, 256, 120401.
Azam, T., Malik, S., Ren, D., Yuan, W., Mughal, Y., Ullah, I., Fiaz, M., & Riaz, S. (2022). The Moderating Role of Organizational Citizenship Behavior Toward Environ-ment on Relationship Between Green Supply Chain Management Practices and Sustainable Performance. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.
Bocken, N., Short, S., Rana, P., & Evans, S. (2014). A literature and practice review to develop sustainable business model archetypes. Journal of Cleaner Produc-tion, 65, 42-56.
Boiral, O., & Paillé, P. (2012). Organizational Citizenship Behaviour for the Environ-ment: Measurement and Validation. Jour-nal of Business Ethics, 109, 431-445.
Carolina, M., Rifqi, H., & Halid, H. (2022). En-hancing the Environmental Performance of Organizations through Green HRM: The Role of Individual Green Behavior. Vol.3, Issue 2, Dec 2022.
Gupta, A., & Gupta, R. (2019). Review on the Support System for Employees and Or-ganizations. Organizations & Markets: Policies & Processes eJournal.
Hameed, Z., Khan, I. U., Islam, T., Sheikh, Z., & Naeem, R. M. (2020). Do Green HRM Practices Influence Employees' environ-mental performance? International Jour-nal of Manpower, 41(7), 1061–1079.
Holland, J. (2018). Sustainability at Work. Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences, 110, 6-6.
Hooi, L., Liu, M., & Lin, J. (2021). Green human resource management and green organi-zational citizenship behavior: do green culture and green values matter?. Inter-national Journal of Manpower.
Huang, L., Krigsvoll, G., Johansen, F., Liu, Y., & Zhang, X. (2018). Carbon emission of global construction sector. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 81, 1906-1916.
Jabbour, C. J. (2013). Environmental training in organisations: From A Literature Review to a framework for future research. Re-sources, Conservation and Recycling, 74, 144–155.
Jabbour, C. J., & de Sousa Jabbour, A. B. (2016). Green Human Resource Management and Green Supply Chain Management: Linking two emerging agendas. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 1824–1833.
Khalid, H., Harun, H., Noor, A., & Hashim, H. (2021). Green Human Resource Man-agement, Perceived Organizational Sup-port and Organizational Citizenship Be-havior towards Environment in Malaysi-an Petroleum Refineries. SHS Web of Conferences.
Khan, N., Wu, W., Saufi, R., Sabri, N., & Shah, A. (2021). Antecedents of Sustainable Per-formance in Manufacturing Organiza-tions: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Sustainability.
Lamm, E., Tosti-Kharas, J., & Williams, E. (2013). Read This Article, but Don’t Print It. Group & Organization Management, 38, 163 - 197.
Lu, H., Cai, S., Liu, Y., & Chen, H. (2022). How GHRM impacts employee OCBE: the role of emotions and value discrepancy. In-ternational Journal of Manpower.
Luu, T. (2019). Green human resource practic-es and organizational citizenship behav-ior for the environment: the roles of col-lective green crafting and environmental-ly specific servant leadership. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27, 1167 - 1196.
Madsen, H., & Ulhøi, J. (2001). Integrating en-vironmental and stakeholder manage-ment. Business Strategy and The Envi-ronment, 10, 77-88.
Malik, S., Mughal, Y., Azam, T., Cao, Y., Wan, Z., Zhu, H., & Thurasamy, R. (2021). Corpo-rate Social Responsibility, Green Human Resources Management, and Sustainable Performance: Is Organizational Citizen-ship Behavior towards Environment the Missing Link?. Sustainability.
Masri, H., & Jaaron, A. (2017). Assessing green human resources management practices in Palestinian manufacturing context: An empirical study. Journal of Cleaner Pro-duction, 143, 474-489.
Nawangsari, L., & Wardhani, N. (2022). Im-plementation Of Green Human Resources Management To Improve MSME Competi-tiveness. Jurnal Abdimas Perbanas.
Norton, T. A., Zacher, H., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2014). Organisational Sustainability Pol-icies and employee green behaviour: The mediating role of work climate percep-tions. Journal of Environmental Psycholo-gy, 38, 49–54.
Paillé, P., & Mejía-Morelos, J. H. (2014). Ante-cedents of pro-environmental behaviours at work: The moderating influence of psychological contract breach. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 38, 124–131.
Pham, N., Tučková, Z., & Jabbour, C. (2019). Greening the hospitality industry: How do green human resource management practices influence organizational citi-zenship behavior in hotels? A mixed-methods study. Tourism Management.
Raineri, N., & Paillé, P. (2016). Linking Corpo-rate Policy and Supervisory Support with Environmental Citizenship Behaviors: The Role of Employee Environmental Be-liefs and Commitment. Journal of Busi-ness Ethics, 137, 129-148.
Rajput , S., & Pachauri , V. (n.d.). A study of employees' perception towards green HRM initiatives. International Journal of Academic Research and Develop-ment, 3(2), 807–810. [Ac-cessed 15 Aug. 2018]
Roscoe, S., Subramanian, N., Jabbour, C., & Chong, T. (2019). Green human resource management and the enablers of green organisational culture: Enhancing a firm's environmental performance for sustaina-ble development. Business Strategy and the Environment.
Roxas, B., Ashill, N., & Chadee, D. (2017). Ef-fects of Entrepreneurial and Environmen-tal Sustainability Orientations on Firm Performance: A Study of Small Business-es in the Philippines. Journal of Small Business Management, 55, 163 - 178.
Schaltegger, S., & Burritt, R. (2015). Business cases and corporate engagement with sustainability: Differentiating ethical mo-tivations. Journal of Business Ethics, 147(2), 241–259.
Siyambalapitiya, J., Zhang, X., & Liu, X. (2018). Green human resource management: A proposed model in the context of Sri Lanka’s tourism industry. Journal of Cleaner Production.
Svensson, G., & Wagner, B. (2015). Implement-ing and managing economic, social, and environmental efforts of business sus-tainability: propositions for measurement and structural models. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 26, 195-213.
Taipale, K. (2012). From Light Green to Sus-tainable Buildings., 129-136.
Uddin, M. M., & Islam, R. (2016). Green HRM: Goal attainment through Environmental Sustainability. Journal of Nepalese Busi-ness Studies, 9(1), 14–19.
Watson, Reg A., and A. Tidd. “Mapping Nearly a Century and a Half of Global Marine Fishing: 1869–2015 | Bycatch Manage-ment Information System (BMIS).” Https://Www.Sciencedirect.Com/Science/Article/Pii/S0308597X18300605, 2018.,
Wu, M., Zhang, L., Li, W., & Zhang, C. (2022). How Institutional Pressure Affects Organ-izational Citizenship Behavior for the En-vironment: The Moderated Mediation Ef-fect of Green Management Practice. Sus-tainability.
Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., Zhang, X., & Zhao, J. (2019). What a Green Human Resource Manage-ment Can Promote Green Employee Be-havior in China: A Technology Ac-ceptance Model Perspective. Sustainabil-ity.