Main Article Content
This descriptive study was conducted to obtain baseline data on the rice production practices in the identified barangays of Cawayan, Masbate for the government to offer real-time intervention. A structured survey questionnaire was used to gather information on the socio-demographic characteristics and rice production practices of the farmers. Aging farmers in the three barangays of Cawayan were observed with an age ranging from 50–60 years old. About 61% of them are classified as small-scale farmers and been tilling the land for more than 31 years. Despite the years they have been in farming, they still belong to the poorest sector with a monthly family income of PHP 800.00. About 96% of the farms in the identified barangays are rain-dependent. Majority of the farmers find difficulty in identifying the variety they are using, and 73% of them used seeds from their previous harvest as planting materials. Land preparation is done through the use of animal-drawn plows and employs direct seeding to minimize expenses. The manual method of controlling weeds, insect pests, and harvesting was practiced by the farmers. The application of fertilizer employed by the farmers is not based on the recommended rate. In totality, farmers obtained breakeven or negative income from their production. The gaps in the farming practices of the farmers can be filled through a holistic and sustainable extension program like Mag-Uma Kaupod ang Pamilya (Farming Together with the Family) in which family members are involved in agricultural production to achieve sufficient and sustainable food for all.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Bordey, F.H., Launio, C.C., Beltran, J. C., Litonjua, A.C., Manalili, R.G. Mataia, A.B., and Moya, P.F., (2015). Game Changer: Is PH Rice ready to Compete at least Regionally? Rice Science for Decision-Makers. Vol. 6., No. 1
Espino, R.R., & Atienza C., (n.d). Crop Diversification in the Philippines. https://www.fao.org/3/x6906e/x6906e0a.htm?fbclid=IwAR2TLZ1E3WmY2WtZvsK8nPzZtwqbhlgIOYh9caBbm9X8gxS_K_1zXcxlslI
International Rice Research Institute, (n.d). http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/step-by-step-production/pre-planting/land-preparation
International Rice Research Institute, (n.d). http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/ericeproduction/II.3_Direct_seeding.htm
Mathulaprangsan, S., Lanthong, K., , Jetpipattanapong, D., Sateanpattanakul, D., , Patarapuwadol, S. (2020). Rice Diseases Recognition Using Effective Deep Learning Models. 2020 Joint International Conference on Digital Arts, Media and Technology with ECTI Northern Section Conference on Electri-cal, Electronics, Computer and Telecommunica-tions Engineering (ECTI DAMT & NCON). https://doi.org/10.1109/ECTIDAMTNCON48261.2020.9090709
Oerke, E. C. (2006). Crop losses to pests. J. Agric. Sci. 144, 31–43. doi:10.1017/S0021859605005708
Palis, F.G. (1998). Changing farmers' perceptions and practices: the case of insect pest control in central Luzon, Philippines. Crop Protection, Science Direct Volume 17, Issue 7, p. 599-607. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(98)00058-1
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2004). A Review of the Agriculture Sector in Bicol Region. https://psa.gov.ph/content/review-agriculture-sector-bicol-region
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2018). Proportion of Poor Filipinos was Estimated at 16.6 Percent in 2018. https://psa.gov.ph/psa-press-release-tags/2018-full-year-poverty-statistics
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2020). Employment and Wages in the Agriculture Sector. Agricultural Indi-cators System, 1. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/AIS%20Employ-ment%20and%20Wages_signed%201127%20.pdf
Philippine Statistics Authority. (2020). Farmers, Fisher-folks, Individuals Residing in Rural Areas and Children Posted the Highest Poverty Incidences Among the Basic Sectors in 2018. https://psa.gov.ph/poverty-press-releases/nid/162541
Qiu, T, Choy, S.T., Li, S., He, Q., Luo, B. (2020). Does land renting-in reduce grain production? Evidence from rural China, Land Use Policy, 20, 104-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104311.
Quddus, A. & Kropp, J. (2020). Constraints to Agricultur-al Production and Marketing in the Lagging Re-gions of Bangladesh
Qu, X., Kojima, D., Nishihara, Y., Wu, L., Ando, M. (can harvest outsourcing services reduce field harvest losses of rice in China? Journal of Integrative Agri-culture, 20 (5), 1396-1406 https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(20)63263-4.
Sarkar, M.D. (2014). Production and Grower Preference of Potato in Northern Zone of Bangladesh: Scenar-io from Shibgonj, Bogra and Kalai, Joypurhat. Journal of Bioscience and Agriculture Research.
Statista Research Department. (2021). Agriculture in the Philippines - statistics & facts. https://www.statista.com/topics/5744/agriculture-industry-in-the-philippines/#dossierKeyfigures