Main Article Content


This study is in response to the current situation in the Philippines that aims to support students' learning needs even from the comfort of their own homes, as well as to improve the teaching and learning process through the use of contextualized and localized supplementary e-learning materials for students. This study aimed to develop, evaluate, and determine the effectiveness of contextualized and localized supplementary e-learning materials for Grade 8 students in Science (Physics) at a public national high school in Antipolo City during the school year 2021-2022. The study utilized both descriptive and experimental research designs. The developed materials were evaluated by twenty science experts and twenty science teachers from the City Schools Division of Antipolo. The participants of the study were thirty Grade 8 students. The data gathering instruments used in this study were the questionnaire checklist, pretest, and posttest. The study showed that the developed contextualized and localized supplementary e-learning materials in science 8 (Physics) helped in the improvement of the teaching and learning process. It is recommended that the materials be used accordingly and constantly modified for improvement.

Article Details

How to Cite
Agbunag, M. R. (2022). Contextualized and Localized Supplementary E-Learning Materials in Science 8 Physics. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 3(11), 2378-2396.


Adonis, A. (2020). Contextualized Strategic Intervention Materials In Grade 9 Mathematics. People: In-ternational Journal of Social Sciences, 5(3), 850–868.
Almajali, D., & Al-Lozi, M. (2016). Determinants of the Actual Use of E-Learning Systems: An Empirical Study on Zarqa University in Jordan. Journal of So-cial Sciences, 5 (2), 1-29.
Alenezi, A. (2020). The role of e-learning materials in enhancing teaching and learning behaviors. Inter-national Journal of Information and Education Technology, 10(1), 48-56.
Anthony and Thomas (2020) Asynchronous Learning or Live Lessons? Which One Works Better for Me?
Arkorful V. and Abaidoo N (2015) The role of e-learning, advantages and disadvantages of its adoption in higher education. International Journal of Instruc-tional Technology and Distance Learning, vol. 12,4 no. 1, pp. 29-42, 2015.
Belgado J. P. M. (2020). Contextualized Learning In The New Normal For Students of Puerto Princesa City, Sta. Lourdes National High School, Puerto Princesa Division, 4-5. Retrieved at de-ped:// on 10, May 2022
Bourkoukou, O. Bachari E. and Adnani, M. A (2016). Per-sonalized E-Learning Based on Recommender Sys-tem. International Journal of Learning and Teach-ing. Volume 2, Issue 2
Burac, M. A. P., Fernandez, J. M., Cruz, M. M. A., & Cruz, J. D. (2019, February). Assessing the impact of e-learning system of higher education institution’s instructors and students. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 482, No. 1, p. 012009). IOP Publishing. Retrieved at on 10, May 2022
Carreon, J. R., Aquino, J. T., & Salera, J. C. (n.d.). Valida-tion and utilization of a developed contextualized learning module. Retrieved May 10, 2022, from
Castillo, J. M. (2019). Localized Teaching Materials. Press Reader. Retrieved at on 10, May 2022
Castillion-Boiser, D. (2000) Strategies for Teaching: A Modular Approach, Quezon City: Rex Bookstore Inc.
Cezar, Cheryl Rose P. Utilization of Computer Simulated Activities in Teaching Physics for Grade Seven Students. A Master’s Thesis. Marikina Polytechnic College, Marikina City, Metro Manila. (2017)
De Lara, K. (2017). Contextualization and Localization: Acceptability of the Developed Activity Sheets in Science 5 Integrating Climate Change Adaptation. In Proc Proceedings of the International Confer-ence on Climate Changem (pp. 20-24). Retrieved at on 27, May 2022
DepEd Order No. 12, s. 2020. Adoption of the Basic Edu-cation Learning Continuity Plan (BE-LCP) for School Year 2020-2021 in light of the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency.
Edward, C. (2014). Teaching Elementary School Studies. A Competency Based Approach. New York; Preger Publishers.
Encarnacion, R. F. E., Galang, A. A. D., & Hallar, B. J. A. (2021). The impact and effectiveness of e-learning on teaching and learning. Online Submission, 5(1), 383-397.
Flores, G (2022). The Use of Contextualized Instructional Materials (CIMs) in Teaching Social Studies among Primary Grade Learners Retrieved at on 10, May 2022.
Gavillan College. (2020). CONTEXTUALIZED TEACHING AND LEARNING from “Basic Skills as a Foundation for Student Success in CA Community Colleges,” p. 58, by the Center for Student Success & the Re-search & Planning Group. Retrieved at on 9, May 2022
Guerrero, S., Diaz., Reche P., and Gracia, S. (2020). E-Learning in the Teaching of Mathematics: An Edu-cational Experience in Adult High School. Re-trieved at on 10, May 2022
Jimenez, E. C. (2020). Contextualized E-Learning Re-source: A Tool for Stronger Academic Platform. In-ternational Journal of Case Studies in Business, IT, and Education (IJCSBE), 4(2), 110-116. DOI: Re-trieved at on 10, May 2022
Khan, M. A., Nabi, M. K., Khojah, M., & Tahir, M. (2020). Students’ perception towards e-learning during COVID-19 pandemic in India: An empirical study. Sustainability, 13(1), 57. Retrieved at on 26, May 2022
Maatuk, A.M., Elberkawi, E.K., Aljawarneh, S. et al. (2022). The COVID-19 pandemic and E-learning: challenges and opportunities from the perspective of students and instructors. J Comput High Educ 34, 21–38. Retrieved at on 9, May 2022
Manuel, E. (2019). Effects of Contextualized Teaching Guide and Localized Instructional Materials on the Academic Performance in Science of Grade 10 Stu-dents. Ascendens Asia Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Abstracts, 3(2B). Retrieved at on 9, May 2022
Masa'deh, R., Obeidat, B., & Tarhini, A. (2016). A Jordani-an Empirical Study of the Associations among Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Knowledge Sharing, Job Performance, and Firm Performance: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach. Journal of Management De-velopment, 35 (5), 681-705
Mehta, A., Morris, N. P., Swinnerton, B., & Homer, M. (2019). The Influence of Values on E-learning Adoption. Computers and Education, 141, 103617. Retrieved at on 21, October 2021
Montemayor, T. (2020). Education goes on amid Covid-19 thru DepEd's Continuity Plan. Philippine News Agency. Retrieved at on 9, October 2021

Navalta, C. (2021). Deepening of Learners’ Knowledge and Learning Experiences Through Contextualiza-tion and Localization Theory. Retrieved at on 9, Octo-ber 2021.
Obeidat, B., Al-Suradi, M., & Tarhini, A. (2016). The Im-pact of Knowledge Management on Inno-vation: An Empirical Study on Jordanian Consul-tancy Firms. Management Research Re-view, 39 (10), 22-42.
Petrova, M. (2020). Localizing your eLearning Materials in the Context of COVID-19 Retrieved at on 10, May 2022
Rosenberg, M. J, & Foshay. R. (2007). E-learning: Strate-gies for Delivering knowledge in the digital age. New York: McGraw-Hi.
Sauro, S., & Zourou, K. (2019). What are the digital wilds? Language Learning and Technology, 23(1), 1-7.
Shurygia, L. A. and Krasnova, V. Y.(2016). Electronic Learning Courses as A Means to Activate Students’ Independent Work in Studying Physics Interna-tional Journal of Environmental & Science Educa-tion, 11(8), 1743-1751. Retrieved at on 9, May 2022.
Simplelearn (2021). Why E-Learning: Insights into the World of Online Learning and Development. Re-trieved at on 9, May 2022
Supangan, Eduardo C. Development and Validation of Electronic Intervention Materials (EIM) in Me-chanics for Fourth Year Students
Trinder, R. (2017). Informal and deliberate learning with new technologies. ELT Journal, 71 (4), 401-412
Zulueta, Francisco,et. al., (2003) Teaching Strategies & Educational Alternatives. Vol. 1, Mandaluyong City, Philippines: Academic Publishing Corpora-tion, 2003